숲에서 쉼과 더불어 문화와 학교를 생각하면서 페북 우석영님의 글을 접하게 되었습니다. 그리고 함께 고민하면서 삶을 일구는 시간을 만들어야 겠구나 생각했습니다.
아래는 '14차 세계산림총회 결과, 2015 더반 선언과 한국의 산악관광'에 대하여 자세히 소개한 우석영님의 글입니다. 공유하오니 참고바랍니다.
"지난 9월 7-11일, 남아공 더반에서는 14차 세계산림총회가 열렸다. 142개국에서 4천명 가량이 참석할 정도로 관심을 끈 총회였는데, 총회의 토론 결과가 '산림과 산림관리를 위한 2050 비전'이라는 부제를 단 더반 선언이다.
이번에 나온 더반 선언의 주요 골자는 다음과 같다.
1>산림(산숲)은 단순히 나무들의 집합체가 아니라 인간의 복지에 굉장히 중요하다: 산림은 음식을, 에너지를, 살 곳을, 가축 사료를 인간에게 제공하며, 수입과 고용도 창출한다. 또한 생물다양성을 유지, 보호하며, 토양, 기후를 안정화하고 물 순환을 조정함으로써 인간 복리에 기여한다.
2>산림파괴 문제를 다루고, 토지사용을 둘러싼 분쟁을 해결하며, 숲의 다양한 서비스 혜택을 최대한 얻으려면, 유기적이고 통합적인 토지 사용법이 긴요하다.
3>산림은 기후변화 적응과 완화에 근본적인 해법이다. 지속가능한 방식으로 산림을 관리하면, 생태계들과 사회들의 회복능력(회복탄력성)이 증대되며, 산림의 탄소 흡수, 저장 기능, 또 다른 환경 서비스가 최대화된다.
그런데 이와 같이 중대한 내용이 한국어로는 전혀 보이지 않는다. 기껏 관련해서 보이는 뉴스가, 15차 총회 유치에 산림청이 나섰다는 뉴스로, 그야말로 세계가 어떻게 돌아가든 한국만 잘 되면 된다는 한국 특유의 이데올로기의 반영이다.
지금 정부가 추진하는 산악관광은 이런 더반 선언의 정신, 내용과는 정면으로 배치된다. 완전한 역발상이고 역행이다."
아래는 14차 세계산림총회 기사로 참고바란다.
World Forestry Congress sets out vision for future of forests
Forests vital for achievement of Sustainable Development Goals
11 September 2015, Durban - The world's forests must be recognized as "more than trees", the XIV World Forestry Congress meeting in Durban, South Africa, concluded today.
Instead, forests hold vast potential to play a decisive role in ending hunger, improving livelihoods and combating climate change.
The largest gathering on forests this decade set out its vision of how forests and forestry should look in 2050, adopting the Durban Declaration after a week of debate.
The vision calls for the forests of the future to be "fundamental" for food security and improved livelihoods.
Forests and trees must also be integrated with other land uses such as agriculture in order to address the causes of deforestation and conflict over land, according to the declaration.
Finally, sustainably managed forests must be an "essential solution" to combating climate change, optimizing their ability to absorb and store carbon while also providing other environmental services.
Investment and partnerships critical
The declaration outlines a series of actions needed to realize the vision, including further investment in forest education, communication, research and the creation of jobs, especially for young people.
It also stresses the need for new partnerships among the forest, agriculture, finance, energy, water and other sectors, and strong engagement with indigenous peoples and local communities.
"The declaration reflects the extremely rich and diverse set of viewpoints and experiences of all participants in the Congress, who recommended ways to make the vision a reality," said Tiina Vähänen, Deputy Director of FAO's Forest Assessment, Management and Conservation Division.
Almost 4,000 delegates from 142 countries attended the congress, including representatives from civil society, intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), universities and the private sector as well as around 30 ministers and deputy ministers.
Message on Sustainable Development Goals
The Congress underlined that forests are critical to achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in a message to the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit, which will meet later this month in New York to adopt the 2030 development agenda.
While SDG 15 addresses the need to sustainably manage forests, trees and forests are also a key to achieving several of the other 16 goals, including those related to ending poverty, achieving food security, promoting sustainable agriculture and ensuring sustainable energy for all, the message says.
Message on climate change
The Congress also issued a message to the Conference of Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, set to meet in Paris in December 2015 to hash out a new global climate change agreement.
Climate change poses a serious threat to the planet, forests and forest-dependent people. However, at the same time countries' responses to climate change can present new opportunities for forests, such as additional sources of financing and greater political support for forest governance.
Congress participants recommended a set of actions that include increasing understanding among governments and other stakeholders of both the challenges and opportunities that climate change presents.
Forests and water action plan
The Congress also saw the launch of an international five-year forests and water action plan to recognize the role of trees and forests in maintaining the water cycle, and to ensure appropriate management of one of the world's largest sources of freshwater.
The World Forestry Congress is held every six years. Under the theme Forests and People: Investing in a sustainable future, this year's event was hosted by the Republic of South Africa with technical support from FAO and marked the first time the Congress was held on African soil since its inception in 1926.